The beautiful beaches, pleasant weather, and professional tourism industry of Spain attract tourists from all over the world. However, the one thing that makes the country a must-visit is the massive number of world heritage sites. Spain has 48 world heritage sites. These can be classified into three types that is by, Cultural, natural, and the third is a mix of the first two. Spain has 42 Cultural world heritage sites. The extremely popular, historic city of Cordoba, Granada, and Alhambra fall under this category. The country has 4 Natural world heritage sites, including the Donana National park and Garajonay National Park. There are also two mixed world heritage sites in the European country.
Cultural World Heritage Sites
Spain is a culturally diverse nation. Its rich diversity is reflected in its monuments. The cultural world heritage sites of Spain throw light on the glorious empires that have ruled the country. Many of these structures are still in use, while some have been inculcated into the urban city and now are a part of the city. For example, The Historic Center of Córdoba.
The Historic Centre of Cordoba comprises the Mosque-Cathedral and the surrounding quarters, evidence of its blossoming during Cordoba’s Islamic Caliphate. The city has witnessed a major cultural shift throughout history. The Romans initially founded it in the 2nd century BC. Still, the period of glory began in the 8th century when it became the emirate’s capital, depending on Damascus. In 711 AD, Cordoba was conquered by the Moors. They built more than 300 mosques and palaces in the area. In 1236 Cordoba got Christian again. The Mosque was turned into a Cathedral. Some other important monuments in the city include Roman Bridge over the Guadalquivir river And Torre Fortaleza de la Calahorra.
Natural Heritage Sites
The breathtaking landscape of the country makes it a major attraction for people all over the world. For example, the Teide National Park, which is situated on the island of Tenerife, is a major spot for scientific research and volcanoes. Teide National Park covers the two large stratovolcanoes of Teide and Pico Viejo, which is the highest peak of Spain and is also regarded as the world’s third-tallest volcanic structure, Las Cañadas Caldera and many other volcanic features.
Mixed World Heritage Sites In Spain
The mixed world heritage sites include both natural and cultural aspects. Ibiza, Biodiversity, and Culture, where interaction between marine and coastal ecosystems is observed, is a type of mixed world heritage site of Spain. The rich diversity of marine life in the area and its significance in economic development through sea trade makes it extremely popular and distinct.
Spain’s tourism industry has been thriving due to the spectacular world heritage sites and the country’s amazing weather. The monuments boast about the glory of the various empires and kings that have ruled the area. You can gain a good insight into the history of the country. At the same time, the breathtaking landscape of the country makes it an ideal option for tourists. World heritage sites help preserve the cultural and natural richness of the world, and Spain has done an excellent job of maintaining the same.