Stonehenge is one of the most popular monuments in the world. The monument is located in Wiltshire. English Heritage is responsible for its management especially because of millions of tourists visiting every year. The monument is also a prominent center of attraction for studies and research. Many people have invested years of efforts in evaluating the history and purpose of this monument built of stones. Let us explore some of the facts about this unique and intriguing monument in the following discussion.
A Long Time To Build
The construction of Stonehenge apparently took around 1500 years. There is no clear idea regarding the reasons for the construction of this monument or the people responsible for it. However, estimates suggest that the construction started somewhere near 3000 BC. The evidence of the signature stones traces back to 2500 BC. The other processes in construction such as establishing and rearrangement of bluestones continued till 1500 BC.
Different Types Of Stones
Another interesting yet common fact about this monument is the presence of two different types of stones. The two types of stones in the monument include sarsens and bluestones. The sarsens are larger in size as compared to the bluestones. Archaeologists are not clear about the methods for bringing these stones from far distances in Marlborough Downs and Preseli Hills in South-West Wales. However, some reports imply that water networks provided transportation for the rocks.
A Burial Ground
One of the common mysteries surrounding the Stonehenge is its purpose. There is no clear evidence about the exact purpose of this development. However, anthropologists have a certain belief that the monument was used for resting the remains of dead people. The 56 Aubrey Holes or large pits found in the region contained the remains of around 64 Neolithic humans.
The tryst of the monument with the dead does not end here! It is a fact that the majority of human remains found at the monument was in the form of ash. On the other hand, the remains of a 7th-century Anglo-Saxon man indicated some other possibilities about the monument’s purpose. Furthermore, the remains suggested that the man was an executed criminal. These details indicated that the man could have been a royal to be buried at the monument.
Multiple Assumptions Of Purpose
It won’t be an overstatement to find interesting facts about Stonehenge on the basis of its purpose. Some theories have suggested that it was a Druid temple while others say that it was used for coronation ceremonies of Danish kings.
However, the most accurate assumption of its purpose is validated by the English Heritage. The agency states that the monument is definitely constructed in alignment with the sun’s movements. This confirmation fuel rumors that the monument was built by alien visitors as a model of the solar system.
Theories Of Magic
The lack of clarity about the creator of Stonehenge has provided opportunities for drawing theories. In medieval times, people believed that the legendary wizard Merlin built this monument. The construction of the Stonehenge involved transportation of massive stones across long distances. Therefore, the role of magic or even the ‘Devil’ at various points in research on this wonder of architecture is fabulous to notice.