Berlin Wall was a significant barrier present in Germany. It was the symbol of the cold war between East and West Germany. During the period 1961-1989, this barrier of West Berlin prevented the people from East Berlin and nearby areas of East Germany from accessing East Berlin. During 1949-1961, many of the East Germans fled to West Berlin from East. This resulted in a great loss of intellectuals, professionals, and skilled people in East Germany.
Moreover, the economic stability of the region was at stake. A strict decision was necessary for such a scenario. As a strong response to this, East Germany decided to build a barrier to stop the East Germans into West Berlin. This name of this barrier was the Berlin Wall.
History Of The Berlin Wall
On the night of 12th-13th August 1961, East Germany erected the Berlin Wall as per the decree passed in the People’s Chamber. The Wall comprised cinder blocks and barbed wire. However, on a later date, concrete walls replaced the primary components of the Wall, giving a permanent look to the structure. The Wall was almost 15 feet high. On top of the Wall, there was barbed wire.
Moreover, adequate security was provided to the Berlin Wall by guarding it through watchtowers. A constant monitoring system was prevalent to check any entry and exit into the city. Also, there were mines and gun emplacements. The security strengthened from the year 1980, with the introduction of electrified fences and extension of the walls across 28 miles through Berlin. Its massive structure divided the city into two distinct parts, creating a barrier between the East and the West.
Additionally, a further extension of the structure was made along with fortification up to 75 miles around West Berlin. Thus it separated East Berlin from the rest of East Germany.
The Final Outcome
Although the Wall was a huge barrier, it could not prevent the common people from crossing it. They were desperate to break the barrier which separated people within the same city. Moreover, around 5000 East Germans managed to flee to West Berlin safely via various routes. But, unfortunately, another 5000 were captured while attempting to cross the Wall. East Berlin authorities were successful in killing about 191 more people in this attempt.
However, in October 1989, a wave of democratization was flowing all over eastern Europe. On November 9th, with new leadership, the people of Germany saw the beginning of a new era. All the barriers were broken, giving the people relief from the long-separated lives. The East German Government finally opened the Berlin Wall. As a result, East Germans were able to move to West Berlin without any barriers freely. The Government made a remarkable public announcement after such a long time.
However, this outcome was only possible due to the bloodless revolution by the natives. They wanted to remain united from hearts and never supported the decision of putting a barrier between the East and the West. Also, this decision hampered their healthy life. Many emotional sentiments were also attached to this decision. All these collectively made it possible to bring down the Berlin Wall forever. Henceforth, the Wall ceased to act as a political barrier from November of 1989.