The world is an amazing place with all the natural wonders. Furthermore, man has also created many wonders that cannot escape the attention of any person. The number of man-made wonders in this world shows the capability of mankind for excellence. In addition to this, the different architectural wonders also serve us a reflection of our past. Therefore, it is essential to observe the rich history and facts with different notable monuments in our world. In the following discussion, we shall explore some information about the pyramids of Giza.
The Greatest Of Them All
A discussion on the pyramids shall include a mention referring to the Great Pyramid. The complex of pyramids is situated to the south of Cairo, Egypt. They have passed the test of over 4000 years. The massive scale can confuse any person and so the pyramids of Giza have fuelled many rumors and theories. The pyramid complex is also one of the seven ancient wonders for excellence in architecture. The three pyramids in the complex bear the memory of the three pharaohs Menkaure, Khufu and Khafre.
A Trip Of History
The construction of pyramids of Giza from 2589 BC to 2504 BC shows the efforts and manpower. However, a clear record of the construction methods used for building these wonders is not available. The pyramids are a part of the Giza Necropolis which includes the Great Sphinx, other pyramids and complexes for workers. The construction of the pyramids started immediately after completion of the Red Pyramid in Dahshur. The Great Pyramid is one of the largest tombs constructed in the ancient world. The Pyramid complex also includes a valley temple, boat pits, and tombs for the wives of Khufu, a causeway and a mortuary temple. The other two pyramids in the complex are simpler and smaller in design as compared to the Great Pyramid.
The Great Pyramid is a true example of architectural excellence. The great pyramid stood at a height of 481 feet initially. The Great Pyramid was the tallest structure for thousands of years. However, the height of the monument has decreased by almost 25 feet due to the wear and tear of almost four millennia. Now, a large iron triangle is at the top of the Great Pyramid. This triangle represents the capstone or the apex of the original structure.
Lot Of Efforts And Technology
Estimates indicate that the Great Pyramid contains around 2.3 million stone blocks. The quarry at Aswan provided the stones for building the pyramids of Giza. Every block of stone has an average weight of around 2.5 tons. This fact points out towards probabilities regarding the methods used for the construction of the pyramid.
Scholars and historians have formed many assumptions about the methods used for building massive pyramids. Many pieces of evidence indicate the use of ramps for construction of the pyramids. The archaeological evidence found near the pyramids clearly shows the use of spiral, staircase and linear ramps. The function of these ramps is for raising the stones to required heights. There are facts that a network of wooden and bronze levers helps in the positioning of the stones.