People of ancient Greece used to believe in various gods and goddesses who had different powers. The Greek goddess Athena, daughter of Zeus, was the goddess of war and wisdom. Rather than that, she was the goddess of strength, courage, inspiration, civilization, skill, crafts, arts, strategies, law and justice, and mathematics. So, the people made a temple called Parthenon for their patron. It is one of the most exquisite architectures in the world. Here are some interesting facts about Parthenon to enhance your historical knowledge.
Interesting Facts- History Behind Parthenon
If you visit Greece anytime, you can find it in the Athenian Acropolis. History says that Parthenon was constructed before Christ. Construction of the building commenced in 447 BC during the Athenian Empire and completed in 438 BC. But, the entire interior and exterior took six more years to complete. It reflects the excellence of Greek art.
The purpose behind the construction was to show gratitude to the goddess Athena for the Hellenic Victory. The Parthenon that you can see now is not the older one. In 480 BC, during the Persian invasion, the older Parthenon became destroyed.
In sixth-century AD, it was converted into the church of the Virgin Mary. Later, it was transformed into a mosque after the Ottoman invasion in Athens. At that time, Athens became a Turkish kingdom. In 1687, during the Morean War, Parthenon endured the most severe destruction. The Ottoman Turks used to store gunpowder inside it for war. And, as a consequence of an explosion on 26 September of that year, the collision happened to one of the most elegant monuments in the world.
Some Other Interesting Facts Of Parthenon
During the glorious and powerful Athenian Empire, people made the monument. The Greek artist Phidias was the supervisor of the construction. Architect Ictinos and Callicrates made it with the help of numerous laborers. The Athenian Empire used to store treasures inside the temple. It is of the most existing example of the sculptures made of Doric order. Elgin Marbles were used in the construction. However, Thomas Bruce removed some of them.
Phidias was the sculptor of the chryselephantine statue of Athena Parthenos inside the cella of Parthenon. In 1975, the Greek government determined to restore the demolished monument. In the year of 1983, they form an archaeological committee to plan and commence the work of restoration. They got financial and technical support from the European Union. With the help of modern technology, they dismantled the parts of the building and started the reconstruction.
Wrapping It Up
Greece has a pleasant scenic beauty to enjoy. However, the presence of this kind of architectural monument enhances the beauty of the country. It is needless to say that the maintenance or restoration is a must for the survival of them. But, I have another interesting fact for you in the end. As you can see Parthenon amidst the high hill named Acropolis, one can enjoy a short trek to reach the monument. It takes a maximum of twenty minutes to reach there. But, if you can’t trek, then there is an elevator to take you there. So, start planning to visit it once in your life to see such an excellent piece of art and history.