One of the most beautiful and historical marks was Colosseum or Coliseum or Flavian amphitheater. One of the best Roman architecture ever created throughout history was This Flavian amphitheater. History also wrapped many interesting facts about Colosseum in his pages.
Origin – Colosseum Facts
Many of you know that Colosseum was first built between 70 and 80 AD. This beautiful historical architecture was the brainchild of by Roman emperors Vespasian and Titus. Colosseum was built of travertine limestone, tuff, and brick-faced concrete. After the reign of Flavian ruler Titus, Domitian further modified the Coliseum.
Tens of thousands of Jewish slaves built the Colosseum. The measurement of this huge architecture was 189 meters long, 156 meters wide, and 50 meters in height. At that time, it was the biggest architecture in Rome and also in the World at that time. Around 50,000 to 80,000 spectators could sit at a time.
The amphitheater had a type of awning called Velarium. It provided the shade to the spectators from the scorching sun.
Gladiator Wars – The Real Facts about The Inhumanity
Gladiator contests and animal hunts were the most important events, which held in the Colosseum. Even the re-enactments of famous battles took place in the amphitheater. This amphitheater had 36 trap doors. It also consisted of many underground passages and rooms. To hold wild animals and gladiators before the games were the importance of these rooms. Gladiator fought deaths battles with animals like tiger, lion, bears, and even crocodiles.
In 80 AD, the emperor of the Flavian Dynasty inaugurated first-ever gladiator games. Flavian emperor Titus arranged the first gladiator games in the Colosseum. It lasted up to 100 days which is probably one of the biggest games ever. Around 3,000 gladiators fought during this battle.
The death toll of these games touched around a million animals and 400 thousand people. There was a gate on the west side of the Colosseum. It was called the Gate of Death. The reason was that all the dead gladiators were carried out from this gate.
But the increase in cost to arrange such games took a toll on the rulers. So, in 435 AD, the last games were held through the last animal hunt and were organized in 532 AD.
Water Storage – Most Interesting Facts about Colosseum
Another interesting fact, Romans developed a plumbing system to fill the entire Colosseum with water. Moreover, this system pumped enough water in it to stage mock naval battles. The entire structure has 40 input channels that sufficiently flooded the Colosseum. Recent discovery also shows that there was an ancient drain that could have emptied the water.
Destruction of Colosseum
Vandalism by people of different countries was one of the reasons for the destruction of the Colosseum. But the different natural disasters also marked their presence over it. Moreover, two different earthquakes – the earthquakes of 847 AD and 1231 AD destroyed most of the place. These earthquakes destroyed over two-thirds of the amphitheater.
There are many facts about Colosseum that intrigue us even today. The engineering capability is very intriguing even today. This part of history is probably the most colorful in the field of architecture.