Famous Ancient Architecture – The Wonder Of Ancient Times


Famous Ancient Architecture – The Wonder Of Ancient Times

While searching the history of famous ancient architecture, we can not only find regional and traditional changes but also there are changes in overarching styling trends and dates. Architecture as a profession developed when population and society grew large enough to support the differentiation of labor.

Ancient Egyptian Imhotep (2650 BC) is the first known architect. He was also a priest, a sculptor, a carpenter, and also a scholar at the same time. For the Indus people, architecture was not decorative. It was rather functional, and one can find traces of extensive drainage systems in the ancient Indus cities.

Famous Ancient Architecture Of The Greeks

The famous ancient architecture of the Greeks came from the Hellenic people. The life and culture of the Hellenic people are developed in the Greek mainland. They also spread over the Peloponnese, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Anatolia and Italy. Ancient Greek temples tell the story of Greek architecture best. Many of such temples are there throughout the region, Parthenon being one of the finest examples. While many of them are ruins today, some are still considerably unimpaired.

Open-air theatre is another type that defines ancient Greek architecture. They were all over the Hellenic world dating from about 525-480 BC. Besides, the processional gateway (propylon), the public square (agora) were also part of Greek architecture. Additionally, the town council building (bouleuterion), the public monument, the monumental tomb, and the stadium were other examples.

Famous Ancient Architecture – The Wonder Of Ancient Times
Famous Ancient Architecture – The Wonder Of Ancient Times

One can differentiate the ancient Greek architecture from others by its highly standardized characteristics. The pattern of structure and decoration was unique, particularly in the case of the temples.

Ancient Egyptian Architecture

The famous ancient architecture of Egyptian civilization lasted over 2,000 years in total. The civilization was unstable and went through continuous changes. Similarly, ancient Egyptian architecture is not about a single pattern. It is a combination of styles and trends which the architects used during each period of civilization.

Ancient Egyptian architects used sun-baked mud bricks and stones as the two most important building materials. They generally used stones for building tombs and temples. The architects chose bricks to build the royal palaces, the fortresses, the walls of temples. In addition to that, they used bricks to build the subsidiary buildings in the town complexes.

Egyptian pyramids are the best examples of ancient Egyptian architecture. The Egyptians built pyramids as tombs for the Pharaohs and their queens. The architects used a nearly 4,500-year-old ramp system to drag alabaster stones out of a quarry.

Story Of The Romans

The famous ancient architecture of the Romans spanned from 509 BC to about the 4th century AD. The Roman architecture had a lot of influence from classical Greek architecture. However, it was different from Greek buildings. The Roman architecture started to gain notable originality around the beginning of the Imperial period. The Romans greatly developed construction with massive walls, arches, and domes. They earlier practiced trabeated construction, which was about building columns and lintels.

Famous Ancient Architecture – The Wonder Of Ancient Times
Famous Ancient Architecture – The Wonder Of Ancient Times

The Roman architects massively used luxury imported colored marbles with fancy veining. They also used fired clay bricks from the beginning of the empire, substituting earlier sun-dried mud bricks. However, in the following time, concrete replaced bricks as the primary building material in the famous ancient architecture of Rome. Amphitheatre, Colosseum, Circus Maximus, Pantheon, Baths of Caracalla are some of the most shining examples of ancient Roman architecture.

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